I have a question. When people performa a review to assure than a coding standard is being used, is it considered a PPQA audit or a verification activity (VER)?
The correct answer is, it depends upon the nature of the review. If your documented software development process states that the coding standard is used to write code. Then a process audit of the software development process would be looking at the coding standard and determining if it was indeed being used by the developers. That would be a Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) audit activity. If your documented verification process stated that a code peer review involves comparing the code to the coding standard, then that would be a Verification (VER) activity. And if your documented processes specified both of these conditions, then the answer to your question is both a PPQA audit activity and a VER activity. How you view the code review against the coding standard is therefore context dependant.
If you are asking this question because you are preparing your Direct and Indirect Evidence for your PIIDs and a SCAMPI A appraisal, then you will need to explain the context so the appraisal team will be able to correctly evaluate the evidence.